Dandruff is commonly a chronic scalp condition. It is marked by flaking of the skin on the scalp. Dandruff itself isn’t contagious or serious, rather it can be embarrassing, sometimes difficult to treat. But the good is to know, is that dandruff usually can be controlled.
For most teenagers and adults, dandruff signs are easy to spot: white, oily-looking flakes of dead skin that dot one’s hair and shoulders, and a possibly itchy, scaly scalp. This condition may worsen during the fall and winter because indoor heating can contribute to dry skin, and sometimes improve during the summer.
Dandruff can have several causes, such as:
- Seborrheic dermatitis. It is one of the most common causes of dandruff and marked by red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis may affect scalp and other areas rich in oil glands, like eyebrows, the sides of nose or the backs of ears, breast bone (sternum), groin area, and sometimes armpits.
- If anyone doesn’t regularly wash her hair, oils and skin cells from the scalp can build up, causing dandruff.
- A yeast-like fungus called Malassezia. It lives on the scalps of almost everyone. But, it irritates some, on the scalp and can cause more skin cells to grow. The extra skin cells die and fall off, and appear like white and flaky in hair or on one’s clothes.
- Dry skin. Flakes from dry skin are generally smaller. It is less oily than those from other causes of dandruff.
- Sensitivity to some hair care products. Sometimes sensitivities to certain ingredients in hair care products can cause a red, itchy, scaly scalp.
Mild dandruff problem may need nothing but daily shampooing with a gentle cleanser. And more-stubborn one often responds to medicated dandruff treatment shampoo.
Almost everyone can have dandruff, but certain factors can make someone more susceptible:
- Dandruff usually starts in young adulthood or might before that and continues through middle age. But this doesn’t mean older adults don’t get dandruff. For some, the problem can be life long.
- Being male. Some researchers think male hormones may play a role in this, thus, more men have dandruff.
- Oily hair and scalp. Malassezia feeds on it. Thus, having excessively oily skin and hair makes one more prone to dandruff.
- Certain illnesses, like neurological diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, are more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis or dandruff. So are people with HIV infection and those who have compromised immune systems from other conditions, prone to dandruff.
The best way to get rid of dandruff is to use an anti-dandruff shampoo, choose shampoo ketomac that’s been proven to work against flakes, itching, redness, and a dry scalp. It works to tackle the root cause of the microbe Malassezia globosa which is present on almost everyone’s scalp. And by tackling the source of the issue, this formula breaks the cycle of dandruff irritation rather than just treating the symptoms like other shampoos.